On our recent trip through Southern Ecuador, we met lots of new birds! One of the cutest was the El Oro Parakeet ((Pyrrhura orcesi)), a small member of the parrot family (Psittacidae). Recognized as a species in the 1980s, these birds are fairly new to the birding world. Unfortunately, they are also endangered. Their habitat is under constant threat from human encroachment. Worse, they make popular pets. Poachers for the illegal pet trade hunt and sell them for profit. That makes for a deadly combination. 

The Jocotoco Foundation’s El Oro Parakeet Project

In the 1990s, the Jocotoco Foundation purchased land in southwestern Ecuador in order to protect habitat in severe danger of becoming cattle pasture. They did so to protect two endangered species, the El Oro Parakeet and the El Oro Tapaculo. In fact, half of the global population of El Oro Parakeets lives in the protected reserve. That means only about 250 parakeets are protected. Moreover, it is unclear if birds outside of the protected zone are reproducing, making Buenaventura an evermore important habitat to protect.

El Oro Parakeets on the box, Buenaventura Hacienda, Ecuador | ©Angela Drake

Recently, the foundation added the land of a former cattle farm to the reserve, providing an example of reforestation to residents of the El Oro Province. That same land also provided for the addition of an easily accessible hummingbird garden near the town of Piñas. Visitors flock to the garden to see a wide variety of hummingbirds. While there, they have the opportunity to read learn about the importance of saving this rare habitat. Hopefully, Buenaventura Reserve’s example will spur future conservation and increased tourism to the region.  

El Oro Parakeet on the nesting box, Buenaventura Research Station, Ecuador | ©Angela Drake

What Does the El Oro Parakeet Look Like?

The El Oro Parakeet is a gorgeous bright green bird. Its green wing has a splash of orange-red with a bar of blue-green along the leading edge. Its tail sports a few red feathers. Additionally, the males have a bright-red forehead. 

Those of you who speak Spanish might be surprised that the El Oro Parakeet isn’t golden yellow. After all, the word oro means gold (dorado means golden). However, the parakeet is named for the El Oro Province of Southern Ecuador. In turn, the province is named for the mineral found in the mountains and rivers of this part of the Andes. Sadly, that means it isn’t just deforestation from cattle farms that is a problem for the parakeets. There is always the potential threat of mining.

El Oro Parakeet on the nesting box, Buenaventura Research Station, Ecuador | ©Angela Drake
El Oro Parakeet, Buenaventura Hacienda, Ecuador | ©Angela Drake

The Habits of the El Oro Parakeet

The El Oro Parakeet is a communal bird. A mating pair will nest in the hollow space of an old palm tree. As 10 other birds will join the pair, becoming surrogate parents. Interestingly, a study published in 2013 found that a vibrant and supportive community positively affected the health of the chicks and their ability to reach adulthood. In other words, it takes a village to raise an El Oro Parakeet!

Since deforestation destroyed so many nesting sites, the Jocotoco Foundation has placed nesting boxes in several locations on the Buenaventura Reserve. We saw some right outside the Umbrellabird Lodge. We also visited nesting boxes at the Scientific Research Station and the Buenaventura Hacienda. At the latter, we were joined by the groundskeeper, Diego. He loves talking about the project and we highly recommend taking some time to walk the grounds with him!

El Oro Parakeet on the nesting box, Buenaventura Research Station, Ecuador | ©Angela Drake

The nesting boxes are placed high on old trees or posts. The parakeets share them as they would a nest in a wild. If you’re lucky enough to catch the parakeets at home, plan to stay a while and watch their buzz of activity. They are very busy, like watching clowns spilling out of a tiny car. As they push each other in and out of the small entrance or fight for space atop their high rise apartment, they squawk and preen with little regard to anything else going on around them. While they don’t like to be approached, a few individuals seemed fine with our cameras as long as we kept our distance. Groups of birds quickly flew off if one bird seemed spooked.

Best Season To Photograph the El Oro Parakeet

Diego told us that the birds nest from about November through January. Most of the young leave the nests by late February. Therefore, if you want to see young birds, its best to visit December through about January. Our pro tip – make a reservation for the Christmas Holidays, when Jocotours sometimes offers a discounted price for your stay!

The El Oro Parakeet, Buenaventura Scientific Research Station, Piñas, Ecuador | ©Angela Drake